Experts say air pollution is killing 3000 Australians a year and it is costing the economy up to $24.3 billion annually.
Health, community and environment groups have called on the State and Federal governments to tighten regulations following a meeting of experts in Melbourne on the weekend.
In four weeks, Australia's nine environment ministers will meet to agree on new national standards for particle pollution.
Environmental Justice Australia's spokesman Phil Hill said Australia needed to act to end the "avoidable" deaths.
"Air pollution in Australia's major cities, coal-mining regions, coal transport corridors and communities near coal-fired power stations and motorways is causing avoidable deaths," Mr Hill said.
"Australians require a much stronger regulatory approach."
- APN NEWSDESK